The Royal Warship Vasa

It is the last week of winter holidays; I hung around museums, Vasa Museet and Historika Museet. I didn’t mean I spent every day at museums, it happened in one day, the other days I just did a bit of this and a bit of that, and didn’t finish anything that I intended to.
 
At first, I’d love to write about information from Vasa Museet. It’s very interesting about building a ship, sailing it, brushing up physics of gravitational force and buoyance force. Now I feel too lazy, so I just hope I can finish it.
 
What I found is they have particular names to call parts of the ship.
 
1. Main masthead flag
2. Main masthead pennant
3. Mizzenmast
4. Mizzen masthead flag
5. Mizzen masthead pennant
6. Mizzen topsail
7. Mizzen
8. The ensign
9. Mizzen bonnet
10. Mainmast
11. Main topgallant sail
12. Main topsail
13. Main course
14. Foremast
15. Fore masthead flag
16. Fore masthead pennant
17. Fore topgallant sail
18. Fore topsail
19. Fore course
20. Fore bonnet
21. Jack flag
22. Spritsail topsail
23. Bowsprit
24. Spritsail
The Quarter Galleries were used by musketeers during close combat. On the roofs are sea creatures: tritons and mermaids. Underneath is a row of Roman warriors.
The Mizzen Mast comprised two sections: the lower mast and the topmast.
Tops. The round tops were used by seamen handling sails or, in close action, by soldiers firing or throwing incendiary projectiles.
Shrouds from the sides and aft the masts are supported by shrouds (1). Between the shrouds are steps, ratline (2). The shrouds are tightened by lanyards (3) reeved through deadeyes (4).
The Sterncastle. This was an advantage in close combat but it detracted from stability and sailing characteristics. In the high stern were the officers’ quarters.
The Mainmast comprised three sections: lower mast, topmast, and topgallant mast.
The Main Hatch. Guns and ammunition, provisions and equipment were brought on board through the main hatch with a crane on the quay or a tackle rigged from a spar. The hatch could be covered by grating or wooden hatches.
The Upper Deck was a working area under sail and a place for mustering the crew.
The Grating. The wooden gridwork along the deck provided air and light to the interior of the ship. It was also an outlet for the smoke from the galley deep down in the hold.
The Capstan on the upper deck of the Vasa was primarily used for hoisting the sails of the foremast.
Knights and Bitts. Knights are posts with holes for wheels (sheaves) where ropes for handling the sails run and can be made fast. Two knights, joined by a cross bar, form a bitt.
The Foremast comprised three parts: lower mast, topmast and topgallant mast.
The Bowsprit. The bowsprit could carry two sails.
Heads. For its large crew, the Vasa had two latrines ("heads") in the beakhead. In heavy weather this was a dangerous place.

See photos

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